Wednesday, November 14, 2007

Global Threats to Security

According to the United Nations there are six clusters of threats with which the world must be concerned now and in the decades ahead;

• Economic and social threats, including poverty, infectious diseases and environmental degradation

• Inter-State conflict

• Internal conflict, including civil war, genocide and other large -scale atrocities

• Nuclear, radiological, chemical and biological weapons

• Terrorism

• Transnational organized crime

The UN definition provides sound basis for analyzing changes in global conflict. Its main focus is on global security. However the Peace and Conflict Report (2005) demonstrates that major societal wars are down from twelve at the end of 2002 to eight in early 2005 and most democratic regimes established during the 1980s and 1990s have endured despite political and economic crisis. Ethnonational wars for independence from the state have continued to decline to their lowest level since 1960 and that repression and political discrimination against ethnic minorities have declined significantly. As per the UN’s second cluster of global threats (interstate conflicts) the Conflictbarometer 2005 concludes that from the year 1950 to 2000 there has been a steady decline in the number of interstate conflicts in the world.

The UN’s fifth cluster of global threats- terrorism is no new threat. It is an old threat renewed by the attacks on 9/11. The Peace and Conflict Report (2005) says that “Terrorism has become the dominant security concern of the twenty first century”. It also claims that “high-casualty terrorist attacks increased very sharply after al Qaeda’s September 11, 2001 attacks”. Along with the United States the rest of the world awoke to ‘Terrorism’ after 9/11. The unpredictability and the clandestine and impenetrable nature of terrorist cells and their potential for destruction as was witness on 9/11 remains a concern.

The last global threat to security envisaged by the UN is transnational organized crime. Phil Williams (2001) has identified several combinations crucial for the flourishing of organized crime. These include weaknesses in national and international law enforcement accompanied by prospects for large profits, transnational linkages, political ambitions and potential to commit violence. He draws on the drug-smuggling, money laundering and extortion rings like that of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Ealam (LTTE) and the Colombian drug cartels.


Harmful effects of globalization and the disintegration of states is assisting terrorism and transnational crime to flourish. Terrorism and transnational criminal organizations is a serious conflictual trend in the world today. International governments must not allow state failure in developing countries battling terrorism and transnational criminal networks. A safety net should be created for such states to protect its citizens.


NOLTTE=Peace said...

In few years time, the Western countries will realise the irreversible social harm that they have got done by ignoring LTTE activities in their soils.

The British are learning the bitter truth of sheltering LTTE by losing Millions of $ to LTTE credit card and Social Services fund scams.

In Canada, UK, and Australia, the LTTE network go from one province/borough/State to the other and collect Social Services (Dole) payments putting the same person forward in different names (these services are not linked, and the complexities in the system prevents catching the benefit fraudsters). Each year, these governments lose around $ 500M to the LTTE scams.

They run sophisticated drug, human cargo, and arms smuggling networks through out the world.

One in ten Insurance Fraud in the western world is now linked to LTTE or its agents.

LTTE bribe foreign journalists and politicians and buy them for their lobbying and propaganda work.

The LTTE networks destroy the whole social fabric in the Western world.

But many of the Western countries are sympathetic to LTTE and turn a blind eye. But they do not realize that the LTTE is making their social fabric rot underneath.

Another most worrying factor is how LTTE maintain an extra-judicial authority over Tamils who live in these countries. The LTTE does not give any damn about the local laws and the judiciary. They act as they are above all such responsibilities.

Another side-affect of all the LTTE acts is that the third-grade respect that Sri Lankan passport receives in foreign embassies and airports.

When LTTE agents get caught doing some criminal act, suddenly they become Sri Lankans and lose their Tamil and LTTE identities. It makes all the Sinhalese and other Sri Lankans also to be treated as the LTTE criminals get treated.

The inability of Western countries in curbing LTTE atrocities becoming a boomerang to them. It is time for these countries to realize the real global threat of LTTE and genuinely help the Sri Lankan government to irradicate this meanace.

Srilankan said...

noltte=peace..they are all interested in the soft spoken tamils vote.. i say let them get it..

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